Log Cabin Memorial - Veterans 314th Infantry Regiment A.E.F.


Our 100th Annual Memorial Service was held on Sunday May 27, 2018!

The Memorial service was held at the Washington Memorial Chapel located on the same grounds as the cabin once stood.

Our speaker was be Paul Cora!

Paul Cora has chaired the Western Front Association East Coast (USA) Branch since 2000 and has been active with WFA since the early 1990s. The mission of the WFA, which is an international and membership-based organization, has been to maintain in the public consciousness a memory of the First World War, especially the experiences and sacrifices of those who took part, as an event of critical importance in shaping subsequent history, even reaching our lives today. To this end, the WFA East Coast Branch has sought to provide an outlet for authors and scholars of World War I history to showcase their research, interpretation and scholarship at a wide range of public programs over the past 25 years. WFA East Coast has also sought to support WW1 causes and has sponsored fundraising efforts for WW1 museums, historic sites, memorials and special projects such as the 314th Infantry cabin.
Personally, Paul has been an enthusiastic supporter of the 314th Infantry cabin reconstruction project at Fort Meade, and he counts among his highest honors the bestowal of Life Membership in the 314th AEF Descendants and Friends. He stands ready, willing and able to lend a hand with the many other cabin volunteers when the projects resumes in the future.
In addition to his WW1 memorial activities through the WFA, Paul is also co-author, with Alexander Falbo, of the book "Supporting Allied Offensives" for the US Army Center of Military History's World War 1 commemorative series. This volume, which chronicles American Army units that fought under British, French and Italian commands in 1918, is due out in July of this year.
Outside of WW1 history pursuits, Paul has spent his professional career working in the historic preservation and museum fields with an emphasis on the preservation and display of historic naval ships in Baltimore's Inner Harbor.
Paula Cora speaker

Click here to see the World War One Memorial Log reconstruction at Fort Meade
314th Infantry Log Cabin Memorial
Why Should We Reconstruct This Memorial?

It is of national historic value. We believe that it is the only Memorial of its kind in the U.S. It was actually constructed by the doughboys themselves, BEFORE they went to battle, then maintained by the veterans themselves after the war. In 1922, after being moved by the veterans to Valley Forge Park, it was dedicated and accepted by Franklin D'Olier, the first National Commander of the American Legion, "In the Name of the American People" (www.314th.org/1922-log-cabin-dedication.html).
It serves as a reminder to the nation that veterans are not forgotten. Soldiers and families today want to know that what they do matters and that they will not be forgotten. They will never forget their comrades in battle and there is a great appreciation from those soldiers of today in seeing that even 100 years later, WE have not forgotten those veterans of WWI who fought and in some cases died for us - - - not for fame, not for glory, but because they were called to serve and it was the right thing to do. Remembering those veterans of WWI serves as a reassurance to those in uniform today that they will also be remembered in 100 years for what they are doing.
It is important to the history of Fort Meade. It will be rededicated as Fort Meade's WWI Memorial - their only memorial to the more than 400,000 soldiers who passed through Camp Meade during WWI. Fort Meade is one of the 10 installations across the U.S. that were stood up for WWI (that are still in operation). The 314th Cabin would be the only WWI era building at Fort Meade. The cabin would serve both as a reminder of the past and a bridge to the future.

Fort George G. Meade WWI Memorial

When the United States entered World War One on 6 April 1917, there was an immediate need to house and train large numbers of newly drafted men for service in the Army. Camp Meade, Maryland was one of sixteen new cantonments opened to train newly conscripted men for military service. Over 9,000 acres were purchased by the
War Department and construction began in July 1917. The newly established 79th Division, composed of draftees from the surrounding region, was the first unit to arrive at Camp Meade in September 1917. Men of the 314th Infantry Regiment, an element of the 79th division, built a log cabin at Meade in 1917 near their regimental headquarters, to serve as an officer.s club and day room. They used felled trees on post and salvaged material such as spikes forged from old horseshoes and chandeliers fabricated from wagon wheels.
The soldiers of the 314th shipped out to France on July 6, 1918. They suffered heavy losses in their participation in the Meuse Argonne offensive . the deadliest battle of the war. Upon returning and being discharged in 1919, the surviving members of the 314th Infantry set out to create a memorial to the men of the regiment who fell in battle. In 1922, the newly formed organization, The Veterans of the 314th Infantry, purchased the Cabin from the War Surplus Department for $50. The cabin was deconstructed by the veterans, transported and rebuilt in Valley Forge to serve as a memorial for those who perished in France.
The veterans met annually at the cabin to remember their comrades who paid the ultimate price, donating their own materials to be displayed inside to illustrate to the public the experiences of the 79th Division.s Doughboys. Over the years, the successor organization to the veterans, the Descendants & Friends of the 314th Infantry (www.314th.org) lovingly cared for the cabin and continued the annual Memorial Services to honor the men of the 314th, with their 99th annual service in 2017.
In 2012, the cabin was carefully deconstructed, transported back home and gifted to Camp Meade. As a befitting honor for the commemoration of Camp Meade's contribution to war, a group of dedicated people are working to ensure that the Log Cabin Memorial is rededicated in 2017 to serve as the Fort George G. Meade World War I Memorial.
The first contribution for this memorial to the fallen of the Great War came from the veterans themselves - $50. To find out how you can help to reconstruct this historic memorial go to www.314th.org or contact:
Nancy D. Schaff, President, Descendants & Friends of the 314th Infantry, A.E.F.
Granddaughter, CPL John Blazosky, Company L
nancy.schaff@worldwar1centennial.org or 443-907-7588


Cabin Reconstruction at Fort Meade - Click for Memorial Memo January 2017

"The Descendants & Friends of the 314th Infantry", part of the 79th Division who trained at Camp Meade, are supporting Fort George G. Meade on the reconstruction of the 314th Infantry Log Cabin. This historic structure will become the Fort Meade WWI Memorial in 2017, dedicated to the soldiers of WWI. Please take a moment to view the video below above.
The reconstruction of the Log Cabin Memorial will be a community-wide effort of time, materials, and money:
Skilled labor - If you are in the Fort Meade area and are able to donate your time and skills to support the reconstruction, please let us know. We are in particular need of the following: plumber, welder, roofer, mason, and concrete finisher. If you know of a company who is able to donate skilled labor, the labor is a tax deductible charitable contribution.
Materials - If you would like to sponsor specific construction materials, please indicate what item(s) you would like to sponsor on your check or in your PayPal donation.
Please click on this link to see a list of needed construction materials. (Sponsorship of construction materials are a charitable contribution and are tax deductible.)
Money - If you would like to make a financial contribution, we are accepting donations to a dedicated account for the Fort Meade WWI Memorial. You can donate by mailing a check or via PayPal. Your check or PayPal donation is a tax deductible charitable contribution to: The Descendants & Friends of the 314th.
If donating by check, please make your check out to D&F of the 314th Infantry. Please indicate that the money is for the cabin reconstruction, and mail to:

       Descendants & Friends 314th
       Joel Rentz, Vice President
       3609 Cinnamon Trace Drive
       Valrico, FL 33596

If donating via PayPal, please click on the "Donate Now" button.

The Descendants and Friends of the 314th is a 501c3 nonprofit organization. The official registration and financial information of the Descendants and Friends of the 314th Infantry Regiment may be obtained from the Pennsylvania Department of State by calling toll-free, within Pennsylvania, 1-800-732-0999. Registration does not imply endorsement.
For more information, contact Nancy Schaff: nancy.schaff@gmail.com


Thank you -- our 98th Annual Memorial Day Service was a huge success!

Click to see coverage on TV by CBS3 and NBC10 and Page 1 article in the Philadelphia Inquirer!

Philadelphia Inquirer newspaper May 30 2016 Memorial Day - 314th Infantry - Washington Memorial Chapel - Valley Forge



The Descendents and Friends of the 314th are a group of people dedicated to honoring and preserving
the story of their fathers, grandfathers, and family members in the First World War.
Originally organized as the Veterans of the 314th Infantry A.E.F. the veterans have since passed on.
The current membership helps to continue this remembrance, receives a newsletter, and once a year attends
a Memorial Day service at the Washington Memorial Chapel located on the same grounds as the cabin once stood.
We are always looking for new members and interested persons.
Anyone wanting more information please contact Joel Rentz at joelrentz@aol.com
Please title your email inquiries with "314th Infantry".



Erected at Camp Meade, Maryland in 1917 by the men of the 314th as an Officers Club and assembly room, it was purchased from the U.S. government after the war, carefully torn down, and rebuilt on ground provided by the Washington Memorial Chapel by members of the regiment. Dedicated in 1922 by the Veterans of the 314th A.E.F. to honor the 362 men of the regiment who made the supreme sacrifice, the cabin houses artifacts of the 314th which allows us to glimpse at how life was for the men during the First World War. The centerpiece of the cabin is a bronze tablet listing all the members of the regiment. A star was placed beside each name upon their death as a sign of honor. Click here to see photos of the Log Cabin over the decades


History of the 314th Infantry Regiment A.E.F.

Organized as part of the 79th Division A.E.F. the men of the 314th were trained at Camp Meade, Maryland. Arriving at the camp in September, 1917 the unit completed training and sailed to France aboard the USS Leviathan in July, 1918. Upon arrival at Brest, France they continued training until September when they took part in the Meuse Argonne Offensive. Capturing the town of Malancourt on September, 26 1918, they assisted the 313th Infantry the following day in the capture of the town of Montfaucon. It should be noted that Montfaucon was a heavily defended area and observation post of the German army.

The 79th Division was relieved on September, 30th and transferred to the Troyon sector. Here they did a variety of tasks, including holding the front. Alternating duty with the 313th, 315th, and 316th Infantry in the trenches. In this period of so called rest, they were harassed with mustard gas, shelling and enemy raids but did not yield the line.

At the end of October the 79th Division was again relieved and moved in place to participate in the third phase of the Meuse Argonne Offensive. On November 1, 1918 the 314th drove forward and captured the towns of Crepion, Waville, and Moirey by November, 9th. The following day the unit captured Buisson Chaumont, Hill 328. On November 11th the 314th advanced against Cote de Romagne and stopped firing at 11am., time of the armistice. At wars end that day, the 314th had made the greatest drive of the offensive into German lines, east of the Meuse River.

The regiment continued training, passed a review by General Pershing, and shipped home on May 15, 1919 aboard the Princess Matokia. Arriving at Hoboken, New Jersey on May 26, they were discharged at Camp Dix, New Jersey end of May 1919.

This is a brief overview of the regiment and its actions. For more information about the 314th in World War One there is a current two volume booklet for sale. Please contact Steve Rentz at srentz@comcast.net Also see list of books and websites on this website.

www.314th.or - 314th Infantry - Tremendous Strain Under Which Our Men Are Laboring

Summary Chronology of the 314th Regiment

August 25, 1917General Joseph H. Kuhn assigned to Camp Meade to organize and command the new 79th Division.
Sept. 19, 1917First contingent of selected men arrived at Camp Meade.
April 6, 1918Division paraded in Baltimore before President Wilson.
July 8, 1918Sailed for France on the U.S.S. Leviathan.
July 15, 1918Arrived in Brest, France.
July 25 - Sept. 8, 1918Regimental training begun in the vicinity of Prauthoy, France.
Sept. 26, 1918Commenced Meuse Argonne Offensive: Captured Malancourt, France.
Sept. 27, 1918Montfaucon captured by the 313th Regiment, assisted by 314th Regiment on the right.
Sept. 28. 1918Nantillois captured by 315th Regiment.
Sept. 30, 1918Relieved by 3rd Division and moved to Troyon Sector.
Oct. 26-28, 1918Relieved from Troyon Sector by 33rd Division.
Nov. 1, 1918Participated in third phase of Meuse Argonne Offensive. Assigned to Belleu Bois and Bois de Chenes.
Nov. 6, 1918The Borne du Cornouillier (Hill 378) captured by the 316th Regiment.
Nov. 9, 1918Captured Crepion, Wavrille, Gibercy, and Moirey.
Nov. 10, 1918Captured Hill 328.
Nov. 11, 1918Moved against Cote de Romagne. Armistice ended operations.
April 12, 1919Division reviewed by General Pershing at Orquevaux.
May 15, 1919Sailed home on the U.S.S. Princess Matoika from St. Nazaire, France.
May 26, 1919Arrived at Hoboken, New Jersey.
May 27-31, 1919Discharged at Camp Dix, New Jersey.

If you are looking for more detailed 314th timeline and information, click here to view the Historical Documents.

79th Division History

Commanded by General Joseph H. Kuhn, the 79th Division was organized in August 1917. Composed of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and District of Columbia men, later rotations of draftees would include New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, and West Virginia.

The division trained at Camp Meade, Maryland which included help from British and French officers. Trench warfare was studied and taught but the American Army had taken the open attack approach for the upcoming offensives and the training reflected this. Several times during the course of training, men were moved from the division to other units. This, along with lack of proper equipment, and sufficient training hampered the division from deployment to France.

The 79th shipped out to France in July 1918 and continued training upon arrival in France. At the beginning of September 1918 the division entered the front line, relieving units of the French Army, and participated in the first phase of the Meuse-Argonne offensive. The average training of the men at this point in time was approximately 33 days, due to replacement troops. During the course of the next two months the 79th would earn two distinctions. One, for holding up the advance against formidable odds at Montfaucon, France and two, for making the deepest thrust into German lines on the last day of the war, November 11, 1918.

Communication problems, terrain, snipers, little artillery support, and overrun enemy positions in the rear were all problems for the division. French and Allied Aero support were all but nonexistent in several cases.

Division strength in August 1918 was at 26,150 men. In November the total is at 19,035. Although the division was only engaged from September 26, 1918 to November 11, 1918, it lost more men than any other American division during this period.

World War 1 - 314th Infantry - Lorraine Cross from John Shetler

THE LORRAINE CROSS - Symbol of Triumph

In the battle of Nancy during the 15th Century, Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, was defeated and the reign of the House of Anjou began. The Lorraine Cross was adopted by the new reign (Rene 11, 1473-1508) and served as a symbol of justice and freedom to the people of Lorraine and French Nation.

During all its war service, the 79th Division fought in the French province of Lorraine. Fighting against formidable odds, the division claimed victory. It is only fitting the division would choose the Lorraine Cross as its symbol and was adopted shortly after the war ended.

Originally called the Liberty Division, the 79th pledged to win back that portion called Lorraine for France. It is with honor that the 79th Division still wears the Cross of Lorraine today.

The Lorraine Cross was adopted by Major General Joseph Kuhn and his staff shortly after the armistice was signed.

Approved by General Headquarters, the insignia was to be worn on the upper left arm near the shoulder.

Many variations of the patch exist maybe due to the fact that most or all were sewn in France by different manufacturers.

Since the insignia was adopted after the end of the war it is quite possible that many of the men had little time to sew it on their uniform before boarding ship for home.

World War 1 - 314th Infantry - Lorraine Cross from John Shetler

The organizational structure as shown in this text box for the 79th Division is based on
War Department General Order 101 dated August 3, 1917 (click here and see pages 496-500), which begins with:
          By direction of the President and under authority con
          ferred upon him by section 3 of "An act for making further and
          more effectual provisions for the national defense, and for other
          purposes," approved June 3, 1916, and section 1 of "An act to
          authorize the President to increase temporarily the Military
          Establishment of the United States," approved May 18, 1917,
          the higher organization of the Regular Army of the United
          States, subject to such modifications as may be announced from
          time to time, shall be as follows:

(Read 550-page "History of the Seventy-Ninth Division A.E.F. during the World War: 1917-1919" online now)
Division Headquarters
310th Machine Gun Battalion
157th Infantry Brigade (Brigade HQ)
158th Infantry Brigade (Brigade HQ)
154th Field Artillery Brigade (Brigade HQ)
304th Engineers (read 304th Engineers book online now)
304th Field Signal Battalion
  • 304th Headquarters and Military Police
  • 304th Ammunition Train (read 304th Ammunition Train book online now)
  • 304th Supply Train
  • 304th Engineer Train
  • 304th Sanitary Train
    • 313th Field Hospital
    • 314th Field Hospital
    • 315th Field Hospital
    • 316th Field Hospital
    • Ambulances
  • 304th Mobile Ordnance Repair Shop


Force Structure of the US Army during World War One

⇒ For more information see Brief Histories of Divisions, U.S. Army 1917-1918 (93 pages)
(Prepared in the Historical Branch, War Plans Division, General Staff, June 1921)
Click here to read about the "US Army V Corps" force structure in 1918
Document downloaded from http://www.cgsc.edu/CARL/nafziger/918UIAL.pdf
which is the US Army Combined Arms Research Library [CARL],
part of the US Army Command and General Staff College [CGSC]

Click here to read the most recent Bugle Call Newsletter, for the latest news about the cabin and collection.

You can download our new brochure (tri-fold pamphlet) by clicking on this link

314th Infantry Memorial Cabin at Valley Forge Washington Memorial Chapel
Deconstruction October 2012 for return to Fort Meade, Maryland

Veterans 314th Infantry Regiment A.E.F. - Pat the Mascot dog Pat the Dog was mascot and friend to the soldiers of the 314th Infantry.
This article correctly states that from the American Civil War to modern day Afghanistan,
there has been an enduring bond between soldiers and their dogs over the centuries.
And that bond has been strong whether the soldier was an infantryman or a General.
The article has many photos which show that very strong bond.

The World War I Centennial Network
at http://www.ww1-centennial.org is a collaborative association of organizations, museums and historic sites in the United States related to the First World War. The goal of the Network is to further public awareness of the history and memory of The Great War (1914-1918) as we approach and experience its centenary years. To this end, the World War I Centennial Network fosters collaboration and cross-promotion of the special events, commemorations and exhibits created by its members.

Extra Edition of The Bugle Call,
A Newsletter for and by the Descendants and Friends of 314th Infantry 79th Division, WWI

The Cabin has Moved Home to Fort Meade!!

314th collection is now at Ft. Meade Museum and portions on display!
(click to view some initial photos)

The Contributions of the 79th Division And the 314th Infantry Regiment
To the American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.) in World War I

"Website project will honor WWI veterans"
Newspaper article in the East Bay (RI) Newspaper
BY JASON TURCOTTE jturcotte@eastbaynewspapers.com
This article was initiated by Charlie Mogayzel a 314th Member

We would like to thank the members of the 314th memorial committee:
  • Ray Jude Paski- friend and officer of the BOD
  • Joel Rentz- grandson of Irwin Rentz, Company A 314th Inf.
Past Memorial Committee members deceased:
  • Judge Joseph T. Labrum - son of Joseph Labrum , Company G 314th Inf.
  • Thomas Timoney
  • William Warner

"The troops were tired when they they went into the fight.
They had been held in the woods with wet clothes and
wet feet for a week or more, made a long march before
going in, without any sleep, and went over the top after
having been under our bombardment for several hours.
For green troops it was quite an ordeal."

                                Colonel William H. Oury
                                Commanding the 314th Infantry

From John Eisenhower's book YANKS chapter 17 starts with the quotation above.


Related books and websites

www.314th.org Website Statistics:
text/html 379 Web Pages 27,327,631
text/plain 527 Text 1,932,165,345
document/pdf 749 PDF 4,179,869,194
image/jpeg 8,476 Images 11,071,996,931
image/JP2 501 Images 1,126,246,460
image/bmp 79 Images 574,011,382
image/TIFF 117 Images 2,498,940,922
video/flash 8 Videos 2,064,081,095
video/quicktime 5 Videos 669,329,380
video/x-ms-wmv 2 Videos 171,329,252
external links 380 n/a
Total 10,843 Files 24,315,297,592

More than 18 GigaBytes of information about 314th Infantry Regiment and 79th Division, A.E.F. and World War One !

Veterans of the 314 Infantry American Expeditionary Forces
Stained Glass Window in the Fort Meade Historic Main Post Chapel
Photos by Marc Romanych - Secretary, Western Front Association - East Coast Chapter

Veterans of the 314 Infantry American Expeditionary Forces Stained Glass Window in the Fort Meade Historic Main Post Chapel (Detail) Photo by Marc Romanych - Secretary, Western Front Association - East Coast Chapter
Veterans of the 314 Infantry American Expeditionary Forces Stained Glass Window in the Fort Meade Historic Main Post Chapel (Detail) Photo by Marc Romanych - Secretary, Western Front Association - East Coast Chapter

At 04:44:17 October 23 2018 displayed this www.314th.org web page at last modified: August 19 2018