Log Cabin Memorial - Veterans 314th Infantry Regiment A.E.F.


Camp Meade -- Maryland Inventory of Historic Properties

This Camp Meade Historic Properties file was found on this Maryland State Archives web page
 
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                                                                                Survey No.    AA-34F
                                               MARYLAND INVENTORY OF            Magi No.
 Maryland Historical Trust                       HISTORIC PROPERTIES
 State Historic Sites Inventory Form                                            DOE      yes     no








1. Name                 (indicate preferred name)               -  _For. Meade-Education Building Type

            Camp Meade/ Fort Leonard Wood
historic 


and/or common Fort Meade

2. Location


street & number    Fort George G. Meade                                                  not for publi6ation


city, town Odenton                           _...X_ vicinity of  congressional district 3

state      Maryland                                    county Anne Arundel


3. Classification

Category         Ownership                Status                  Present Use
     district    _X  public                   occupied                agriculture        _   museum
2L. bullding(s)      private                  unoccupied              commercial         _   park
     structure       both                     work in progress        educational        _   private residence
     site        Public Acquisition       Accessible                  entertainment      _   religious
     object          in process             X yes: restricted         government             scientific
                 _   being considered         yes: unrestricted   -   industrial             transportation
                 X not applicable         _ no                        military           ____x_ other:


4. Owner of Property (give names and mailing addresses of all owners) 


name       United States Department of the Army

street & number    The Pentagon                                         telephone no.: 703-546-6700

city, town   Arlington                                  state and zip code            VA


5. Location of Legal Description


courthouse, registry of deeds, etc. Anne Arundel County Courthouse                       liter


street & number 7 Church Circle                                                          folio

          Annapolis                                                             state Maryland


6. Representation in Existing Historical Surveys

title     N/A


date                                                                  federal _ state _ county _ local


depository for survey records


city, town                                                                      state

7. Description                                                                Survey No. AA-34F


Condition                         Check one       Check one
    excellent    _____ deteriorated   unaltered   ___X__ original site
____ good        _____ ruins          altered     _ moved       date of move
_ fair           _______ unexoosed X varied
 X varied

 Prepare both a summary paragraph and a general description of the resource and its 
 various elements as it exists today.

 (SEE ATTACHED SHEET)

                                        Survey No. AA-34F
                                             Page 7.1
7.  DESCRIPTION
    Fort George G. Meade (Fort Meade) was established in 1918 as a temporary mobilization 
cantonment. From 1918 to 1974 the post served as a training facility for infantry and cavalry units. 
Since 1974, Fort Meade has served as the administrative center for the 1st Army Corps.
    A reconnaissance architectural survey of the installation was undertaken during March 
1993. The survey identified seven major usage typologies within the building stock of Fort Meade: 
domestic buildings, administration buildings, industrial buildings, transportation buildings, 
recreation buildings, education buildings, and health care buildings. A Maryland Historical Trust 
State Historic Sites Inventory Form was completed describing the Fort Meade elements that 
comprise each typological category.
    One educational structure was identified at Fort Meade as a result of the reconnaissance 
survey. Building 2234 was identified as a classroom and barracks facility for the Fort Meade 
Bakers' and Cook's School. The limited parameters of this reconnaissance survey did not allow 
the intensive research necessary to determine whether other buildings in the immediate vicinity 
of Building 2234 are also related to the school. The structure's original use was determined after 
examining the building's completion report at the Suitland Federal Records Center in Suitland, 
Maryland.
    Buildings constructed at Fort Meade to provide educational functions for troops stationed 
at the post include instructional buildings, research facilities, drill halls, and other training facilities. 
The education buildings encompass a permanent brick building and Second World War temporary 
wood frame buildings. Extant resources are associated with the Inter-war period and the Second 
World War era.
    Temporary domestic structures are located throughout the post, and are associated with 
the emergency mobilization program enacted in 1940. In 1983, Congress directed the Army to 
raze all remaining World War ll temporary structures. The Army recognized that this category of 
structure possessed the exceptional qualities of significance necessary for listing in the National

                                    Survey No. AA-34F
                                         Page 7.2
Register of Historic Places. A Programmatic Memorandum of Agreement (PMOA) was negotiated 
in 1986 between the Department of Defense (DoD), the National Council of State Historic 
Preservation Officers, and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation to mitigate the effects of 
razing upon this resource base. As stipulated within the PMOA, major types of World War II 
temporary buildings were identified and recorded to the standards of HABS/HAER. Completion 
of the PMOA stipulations was achieved in 1993. Reconnaissance survey of World War II 
temporary structures at Fort Meade identified the plan type of each structure to verify its mitigation 
under the auspices of the 1986 PMOA. Since World War II temporary structures are a nationally 
homogenous resource that have been subjected to intensive study, architectural descriptions of 
these resources are not included within the text of this form.
    Education-related World War II temporary buildings are located throughout Fort Meade, 
and an education building intended for permanent use is located southeast of the post's core area, 
across Franklin Branch. The core area of the post flanks the Midway Branch of the Little Patuxent 
River, in the southern section of the post.


Building Description
    Building 2234 is a two-and-one-half story, nineteen-bay, brick building occupying a ut.1" 
shaped ground plan, and sheltered by a hipped roof. The building was completed in 1939 to 
house instructional and barracks facilities for a Bakers' and Cooks' School. A raised poured 
concrete foundation supports the building's brick walls, which rise two stories and terminate in a 
hipped roof. Five gabled dormers are situated on the roof plane above the primary elevation. One 
shed-roofed dormer and a shed-roofed vent are situated on the rear slope of the roof. Windows 
throughout the building are six-light-over-six-light double-hung wood sash units. Square stone 
pilasters support a plain stone entablature marking the primary entrance. A one-story rectangular 
wood frame addition extends south from the hip end of the west wing.

             8. Significance                                                          Survey No. AA-34F



             Period          Areas of Significance.Check and justify below
k            _ prehistoric        archeology-prehistoric    community planning       landscape architecture_ religion
             _ 1400-1499     _ archeology-historic          conservation             law                  _ science
             _ 1500-1599     _ agriculture                  economics           _ literature              _ sculpture
             _ 1600-1699       X architecture               education            X military               _ social/
                 1700-1799        art                   X   engineering              music                    humanitarian
             _ 1800-1899     _ commerce                     exploration/settlement   philosophy           _ theater
             .X_1900.             communications            industry            _ politics/government         transportation
                                                            invention                                         other (specify)


             Specific dates                             Builder/Architect

             check: Applicable Criteria: X A               BX C         D
                           and/or
                       Applicable Exception:          A     B      C     D     E      F     G


                       Level of Significance: X national               state      local

             Prepare both a summary paragraph of significance and a general statement of history and 
             support.



                 ( SEE ATTACHED SHEET )







                                                                                               . r

                                                                     Survey No. AA-34F
                                                                              Page 8.1
 8.     SIGNIFICANCE
 Maryland Comprehensive Historic Preservation Plan Data:

 Region:               Western Shore
 Period:               Industrial/Urban Dominance 1870-1930
                       Modern Period 1930-Present
Theme:                 Military

Resource Type:         Education Buildings

Buildings:             #2234
Total Building Count:  1


Summary
        Fort George G. Meade (Fort Meade) was established in 1918 as a World war I temporary 

mobilization camp. From 1918 to 1974, Fort Meade served as a training facility for infantry and 

cavalry units. Since 1974, Fort Meade has served as the administrative center for the 1st Army 
Corps.


Building Type Summary

Education Buildings
       Training has been a function of the U.S. Army since its inception. Prior to the twentieth 

century, though, only a select group of officers received extensive classroom training, at the U.S. 
Military Academy, West Point, New York. Other members of the military were left to learn their 
combat craft through participation in field exercises, utilizing post office or barracks structures as 
instructional space whenever a classroom setting was necessary.
       The development of buildings intended solely for instructional use is a 20th century 
phenomenon within the U.S. military. This evolution of an instructional building category arose 
not from a lofty desire to elevate the intellects of the general military populace, but for practical

                                            Survey No. M-34F
                                                 Page 8.2
        reasons. During the late nineteenth century, the "art" of warfare experienced a technological 
        revolution. By the early twentieth century, military equipment was becoming complex to the extent 
        that training was required to competently operate the articles of war. Army instructional facilities 

        on active installations usually are specialized structures designed to accommodate applied training 

        activities. This general Army pattern is reflected at Fort Meade in Building 2234, the Army Bakers' 

        and Cooks' School.


        Historic Context
        World War 1 (1917-1918) 

            In April, 1917 the United States entered World War I, which had been raging in Europe 
        since 1914. For the United States Army, this war posed new problems that fully challenged its 
        capabilities. In 1916 the Army's total strength was 108,399 officers and enlisted personnel; by 
        1918 America's mobilization effort raised that number of personnel to 2,395,742 (Weigley 
        1984:599).

            Crucial to the Army's expansion was its ability to provide built facilities to support the new 
        recruits and to shelter them while they were trained and organized. The magnitude of the Army's 

        expansion led to the establishment of temporary cantonments to accommodate the burgeoning 
        number of new recruits. The War Department planned to construct 32 temporary cantonments 

        by September 1, 1917; each cantonment was to be capable of housing 40,000 soldiers. 
        Responsibility for the establishment of these camps was removed from the Quartermaster General 

        and placed in a special "Cantonment Division" (later called the "Construction Division") that 
        reported directly to the Secretary of War (Risch 1962:605-609).
            The cantonments were divided into two categories: (1) camps for mobilized National
        Guard units, and (2) camps for new National Army units composed of recently conscripted
        soldiers. Because the National Guard units were expected to require minimal training, the War 
(       Department decided to house these soldiers in tents, and to construct only a minimum number

                                    Survey No. AA-34F
                                        Page 8.3
 of wooden buildings. The National Army cantonments housed trainees in wooden barracks that 
 were intended to remain structurally sound no longer than five years. Both types of cantonments 
 contained road networks, electric and water supplies, and other required utilities (Risch 1962:605-

 609). Because the National Guard camps used canvas shelters, they were concentrated in the 
 southern states, while the National Army camps were distributed across the nation (War 
 Department Annual Report 1918:64-65).

    One National Army cantonment was established near the town of Admiral, Maryland. It 
was named Camp Meade, in honor of the Union Commander at the Battle of Gettysburg. On June 
 17, 1918 the Army leased the land for Camp Meade, and signed a contract to begin construction 

 of the facility, which began almost immediately after the contract was signed. Construction 
proceeded quickly to prepare the facility to receive troops by September 15, 1918 (RG 92, 
Completion Reports, Camp Meade MD). Camp Meade cost $16,200,000 to establish; with a 
capacity of 52,575 soldiers, Camp Meade was one of the larger cantonments constructed. 
(Crowell 1919:546).
    Directly after the close of the war, discussion began concerning the closing of temporary 
facilities leased by the War Department for the emergency mobilization. Political pressure resulted  
in fewer facility closings than anticipated. Camp Meade was one of the temporary cantonments 
that the Army decided to retain. In 1919 the War Department included Camp Meade on a list of 
leased installations that it planned to acquire through outright purchase. The total area purchased 

consisted of 7,500 acres (United States Congress 1919:44-45).
    All buildings constructed in the establishment of the post were wooden temporary 
buildings with a design life of five years. No buildings associated with educational functions 
survive from this period of development.

                                   Survey No. AA-34F
                                        Page 8.4
Inter-War Period (1919-1939) 
    In 1928 the Army changed Camp Meade's status from temporary cantonment to 

permanent past, and construction of the first permanent buildings at the installation was 
undertaken. Between 1928 and 1934 the permanent core of the post was planned, designed, and 
constructed. Sporadic construction efforts were undertaken between 1935 and 1939, on an as- 
needed basis.
    Between the end of the First World War and 1931, Fort Meade housed the nation's tank 

school and experimental grounds. Buildings 4215, 4216, and 4217 were constructed to house 
tank school enrolees and to provide limited instructional space. In 1931 the War Department 
transferred the tank school to Fort Benning, Georgia. Though the tank school was transferred, 
Fort Meade still housed active Army tank units. The post also hosted the Army Bakers' and 

Cooks' School, and Army reserve units during the Inter-War Period.
    The tank was developed during World War I by the English, to break the stalemate of 
trench warfare. On January 26, 1918, the United States created its own tank corps, under the 

command of Brigadier General Samuel Rockenbach. Like the U.S. Army Air Service, the U.S. 
Army Tank Corps relied heavily upon its allies for equipment. During the Meuse-Argonne 

offensive, the British and the French supplied most of the tanks used by the Americans (Shuffer 
1959:54-58; Matloff 1969:399).
    Immediately after the war, the War Department ordered General Rockenbach to organize 
a peacetime Tank Corps at Camp Meade, Maryland. Like the Infantry and Air Service, the Tank 
Corps was subjected to a period of demobilization. By July 1919, the Tank Corps consisted of 
154 officers and 2,508 enlisted personnel. A year later the National Defense Act of 1920 abolished

the Tank Corps as a separate unit and integrated the Tank Corps into the U.S. Infdntry command 
structure. The decision arose from the assumption that in future wars the tank would be used in 
support of infantry assaults (Shuffer 1959:73-75). However, the War Department did retain the 
Tank School at Camp Meade. The school was located in the eastern area of the post, an area

                                                                         Survey No. AA-34F
                                                                                  Page 8.5
 which had been established in 1918 as Cantonment Benjamin Franklin, but had been absorbed 
 by Camp Meade that same year. To complement the school, the Army also assigned the 1st Tank 
 Group, whi6h-contained the 16th and 17th Tank Battalions, to the post. Here officers trained and 
 experimented with the new weapon (Jones 1920:370-373).
        In 1932, the War Department dissolved the Tank School at Fort Meade, and transferred 
its duties to the Fort Benning Infantry School (RG 407, AG Central Decimal File, 352 (4-1-32)). The 
United States Army's interest in tanks and armored warfare languished until World War II, when 
the Germans dramatically demonstrated the effectiveness of armored warfare (Weigley 1984:411). 
No resources survive at Fort Meade that are solely associated with Army Tank School activities.
        The post also hosted the Army Bakers' and Cooks' School and Army reserve units during 
the Inter-War Period. The school graduated about 20 bakers and 75 cooks per year for the Third 
Corps Area. It also trained company grade officers as mess officers (RG 92, 00MG Geographic 
Correspondence File, Ft. George G. Meade, 352.11-352,17). The Army began construction on a 
permanent home for the cooks and bakers in 1938; the building, #2234, was completed in 1939 
(RG 77, Completion Reports, Ft. Meade). Building 2234 served as an instructional and barracks 
facility for the Bakers' and Cooks' School.


World War II (1940-1945) 
        Fort Meade experienced another period of major construction activity between 1940 and 
1942. Once again construction at Fort Meade was spurred by conflict in Europe, and once again, 
the buildings were temporary structures.
        United States Army mobilization plans between 1919 and 1940 anticipated training green 
American recruits at European facilities. Consequently, plans for mobilization in the United States 
during this period concentrated on utilizing facilities where recruits could be assembled into units 
and transported to Europe for appropriate military training. In 1931, Douglas MacArthur, Army         i
Chief of Staff, stated "That great cantonments, such as we had in the World War, will not be

                                   Survey No. AA-34F
                                        Page 8.6

constructed. Full utilization of Federal, State, County, and municipal buildings will be made as 

troop shelter. Where necessary, arrangements will be made to use privately owned buildings" 

(Fine & Remington 1972:66-67).

    By June of 1940, the German Army had conquered continental Europe, and had captured 

many of the facilities that the United States Army intended to use as training centers in the event

of American mobilization. In response, Congress authorized a massive, nation-wide mobilization 

program, like that undertaken during the First World War. The mobilization program was 

implemented in anticipation of possible American involvement in the war. This mobilization 

program expanded the size of the Army and established training installations for new recruits. The 

War Department implemented the manpower supplement through measures such as the inclusion 

of the National Guard in the Federal service, an increase in the size of the regular Army, and the 

1940 Selective Service Act.

    During the 1930s, a set of comprehensive building plans for temporary mobilization 

structures had been drafted by the Office of the Quartermaster General. This set of plans, known 

as the 700 Series, improved upon the designs of structures built during the First World War 

mobilization. When Congress passed the Emergency Construction Act in June 1940, these plans 

were implemented. The standardized plans were flexible, easily adaptable to base-specific 

architectural programs, and they could be constructed rapidly (Fine & Remington 1972:73,115-117; 

Wasch et al. [1992]:7-10).

    As part of the Emergency Construction Program, Ft. Meade officials commenced in 

September to construct buildings to accommodate mobilized National Guard Infantry divisions, 

anti-tank battalions, and a tank battalion (Fine & Remington 1972:199; RG 160, Box 2, Mobilization 

Division, Command Installations Branch, Construction History, 1942-1946). In tilie"fall of 1940, 

officials selected an architect-engineer firm and a contractor for the project, and made decisions 

about locating and constructing the new cantonment areas at Fort Meade. The J.E. Greiner 

Company of Baltimore was awarded the architect-engineer contract, and the Consolidated

                                   Survey No. AA-34F
                                        Page 8.7
 Engineering Company of Baltimore signed the constructing contractor's agreement, in September 
 1940.
    Construction of the cantonment began on October 2, 1940, and was completed on May 
 1, 1941 (RG 77, Completion Reports, Vol.6; RG 77, Completion Reports, Vol. 6A). During this time, 
officials expanded the installation of '251 permanent brick and 218 wooden temporary buildings" 
with the addition of barracks, officers' quarters, post exchanges, repair shops, dental clinics, and

other buildings (Ft. Meade Museum 1985:12; RG 77, Completion Reports, Vol. 6A). Some 18,000 
workers completed $15,680,055.97 in building construction during the building period (Maryland 
Historical Society 1950:130; RG 77 Completion Reports, Vol. 6).
    In late 1941, Fort Meade also grew in size as the government acquired additional land for 
the post. The purchase of 6,137.87 acres of land increased the installation's area to 13,878.65 
acres, the majority of which was deeded to the Interior Department in 1989 (Maryland Historical 

Society 1950:130; Washington Star December 6, 1940).
    Through the construction of the 700 Series (and 800 Series.an improvement of 700 Series 
plans implemented in 1941) temporary wood-frame buildings, the United States Army increased 
its housing capacity from 200,000 persons in 1939 to 6,000,000 persons by the conclusion of the 
mobilization program in the fall of 1944. Innovations in construction technologies were developed 
during the war mobilization program. Standardized plans and prefabrication of building units were 

refined in the design and construction of 700 and 800 Series buildings. Contractors employed to 
erect mobilization structures during the program used these same building techniques after the 
war as the basis for cost-effective civilian housing construction. During the period from 1942 to 
1945, Fort Meade saw varied levels of building construction as officials tried to prepare the Post 
to house its changing activities. Officials pursued more construction later in the. war, as the 
existing and new facilities proved unable to meet the demands of the changing facility.
    During 1940 and 1941, Ft. Meade played many important roles: as a reception center for 
incoming draftees; as a base for the 29th Infantry Division; a housing and training center for other

                                                  Survey No. AA-34F
 (                                                      Page 8.8
          units including the 70th Tank Battalion, the 93rd Anti-Tank Battalion, and the 105th Anti-Tank 
          Battalion; a temporary location of the Tank Destroyer Tactical and Firing Center; and the home 

          of the Army Bakers' and Cooks' School (Ewing 1948:xii). The Army Bakers' and Cooks' School 

          underwent great expansion as the Army trained large numbers of soldiers in preparing food for 

          the rapidly growing service. Military, food industry, and civilian personnel instructed the school's 

          students in proper food preparation techniques, and helped train some 200,000 cooks and bakers 

          during the War (Maryland Historical Society 1950:131). Standard military training courses at Fort 

          Meade also included an infiltration course, and artillery range, and individual combat training areas.

              Among the more specialized activities pursued at the post during the War was the 

          operation of the Special Service Unit Training Center. This center, which opened on March 2, 
          1942, trained soldiers in morale-enhancing jobs such as musician, motion picture electrician, radio 

          engineers, theater positions, and librarians (Maryland Historical Society 1950:128). Some famous 

          personalities, including Jack Benny and Glenn Miller, trained at the Center (Ft. Meade Museum 

          1985:13). No permanent buildings were identified as constructed for education activities during 

         World War II.



         Post War Period (1946-1953) 

             As the later stages of the war were being fought in Europe and the Pacific, construction 

         activity declined at Fort Meade. The end of the war was within reach, and further expansion of 

         the post would not be necessary. Instead, the post administration had to decide what to do with 

         all of the war time construction when Fort Meade resumed a peacetime role.

             The post-war world presented an unclear picture of Fort Meade's future mission. In June 

         1947, the United States Second Army established its headquarters at Fort Meade. Second Army 

         exercised control of Army units within the Mid-Atlantic region. Another indication of a return to 
         peace-time patterns was the return of R.O.T.C. summer camp at the conclusion of the war (Ft. 
(        Meade Museum 1985:17).

                                   Survey No. AA-34F
                                        Page 8.9

    The peacetime pace of the post accelerated again to a war footing in response to the 
 Korean Conflict, which erupted in 1950. World War II temporary barracks, which had been closed, 

 were reopened to process new draftees into the Army. In September 1950, the 2053d Reception 
 Center, an Army Reserve unit, was activated to process new soldiers (Washington Star, January 

 28, 1951).

    Armored units returned to Fort Meade in the late 1940s when the 3d Armored Cavalry 

 Regiment arrived on the post. The regiment remained at Fort Meade through the 1950s (Ft. 

 Meade Museum 1985:16; Washington Star, October 24, 1954). Other armored units occupied Fort 

 Meade on a rotating basis until 1974. In 1974, the last armored unit to station at Fort Meade was 
transferred to Texas (Ft. Meade Museum 1985:16).

    Other units have transferred in and out of Fort Meade during the post-World War II years. 

A 1966 guide to Army posts published by the editors of the Army Times described the units at Fort 

Meade as a conglomeration of activities (Army Times 1966:149). The physical plant of the post 
has improved steadily. World War II temporary buildings have been replaced by more modern 

quarters and administrative buildings. Some of the more significant additions include the Capehart 
Housing project, built in the 1960s; a new Post Exchange and Commissary complex; and a new 

First Army headquarters building at Pershing Hall. Tipton Airfield was constructed in 1960.

    In 1952 the Department of Defense announced plans to move the National Security 

Agency to Fort Meade. By 1954 construction had begun of facilities for the communications 
intelligence agency. The first building project was complete by 1957, but the agency had 

expanded so rapidly that further construction began in 1963. Today the National Security Agency, 
with accompanying security personnel, is one of the largest activities on Fort Meade (Bamford 
1982:59-60). No building constructed for educational activities in the post-war period were 

identified during the survey.

 9. Major Bibliographical References                                                                 Survey No. AA-34F



   (SEE ATTACHED SHEET)







 10. Geographical Data

 Acreage of nominated property         Ca.6000
                      Quadrangle name Portions of U.S.G.S. 7.5 minute Laurel, Md; Odento  uuadran rfgle scale 
                      Md; Savage, Md; and Relay, Md. 
 UTM References do NOT complete UTM references


    Zone Easting                  Northing                               Zone Easting



 Verbal boundary description and justification

   (SEE ATTACHED SHEET)



 List all states and counties for properties overlapping state or county boundaries

 state      N/A                               code     N/A      county      N/A                             code N/A


 state                                        code              county                                      code


 11. Form Prepared By



 name/tItle Hugh McAloon, Geoffery Melhuish/ Architectural technicians


organization R. Christopher Goodwin & Assoc., Inc.                            date        July 7, 1993


street & number       337 E. 3rd Street                                       telephone 301-694-0428


city or town         Frederick                                                state Maryland






                 The Maryland Historic Sites Inventory was officially created by 
                 an Act of the Maryland Legislature to be found in the Annotated 
                 Code of Maryland, Article 41, Section 181 KA, 1974 supplement.




                 The survey and inventory are being prepared for information and 
                 record purposes only and do not constitute any infringement of 
                 individual property rights.




                                                                               IA 'LAND HISTORICAL TRUST 
                 return to:           Maryland Historical Trust                          DHCP/DHCC
                                      Shaw House                                   100 COMMUNITY PLACc 
                                      21 State Circle                         CROWNSVILLE, MD 21032-2023
                                      Annapolis, Maryland 21401                               -514-76C0
                                      (301) 269-2438

                                                                                                                           PS-2746

                                Survey No. AA-34F
                                    Page 9.1

9. MAJOR BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES


Published Sources

Army Times
   1966 Guide to Army Posts. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Bamford, James
   1982 The Puzzle Palace: A Report on America's Most Secret Agency. Houghton 
       Mifflin, Boston

Cannan, Deborah C., Leo Hirrel, Katherine E. Grandine, Kathryn M. Kuranda, Bethany M. Usher, 
Hugh B. McAloon, and Martha R. Williams
   1993 National Historic Context for Department of Defense Installations, 1790-1940. 
       Prepared for U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District. R. Christopher 
       Goodwin & Associates, Inc., Frederick, MD.

Crowell, Benedict
   1919 America's Munitions, 1917-1918. Government Printing Office, Washington.

Ewing, Joseph H.
   1948 29 Let's Go!: A History of the 29th Infantry Division in World War 11. Infantry 
       Journal Press, Washington.

Fine, Lenore, and Jesse A. Remington
   1972 The Corps Of Engineers: Construction in the United States. Government Printing 
       Office, Washington.

Fort Meade Museum
   1985 An Illustrated History of Fort George G. Meade. Fort Meade Museum, Fort 
       Meade.

Fort Meade Post. 1943-1944.

Jones, Ralph E.
   1929 Our Tanks. Infantry Journal 35:370-373

Maryland Historical Society
   1950 Maryland in World War 11. Maryland Historical Society. Baltimore.

Matloff, Maurice
   1969 American Military History. Government Printing Office, Washington.

Risch, Erna
   1962 Quartermaster Support of the Army, 1775-1939. Government Printing Office, 
      Washington.

Shuffer, George M.
   1959 Development of the U.S. Armored Force: Its Doctrine and Its Tactics, 1916-1940. 
      MA thesis, University of Maryland.

                                                     Survey No. AA-34F
                                                          Page 9.2
United States Congress. House. Committee on Military Affairs
   1919 Hearings on Retention of Camp and Cantonment Sites for Future Uses. 
       Government Printing Office, Washington.

Washington Star.
   1940-1962 [Clippings File at Martin Luther King Library]

War Department, Annual Report 1925

Wasch, Diane Shaw et al
   [1992]  World War 11 and the U.S. Army Mobilization Program: A History of 700 and 800
          Series Cantonment Construction. (Draft Report)

Watson, Mark S.
   1950 The Chief of Staff: Prewar Plans and Preparations. Government Printing Office, 
        Washington.

Weigley, Russell F.
   1984 History of the United States Army. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.

Wheaton, Francis B.
   1928 The Architecture of the Army Post. Quartermaster Review 8:10-13.


Archival Sources

    National Archives. Records of the Army Service Forces. RG 160.
        Mobilization Division, Command Installations Branch, Correspondence File.

    National Archives. Records of Headquarters Army Ground Forces. RG 337. 
        Entry 16A, G-3 General Correspondence File.
    National Archives. Records of Headquarters Army Ground Forces. RG 337. 
        Special Studies, Historical Section, Study #29 Tank Destroyer Units

    National Archives. Records of the Provost Marshall General's Office. RG 389. 
        Entry 434. Prisoner of War Camps.

    National Archives. Records of the Adjutant General's Office. RG 407. 
        Project File, Fort Meade, MD.

    National Archives. Records of the Adjutant General's Office. RG 407. 
        AG Central Decimal File.

    National Cartographic Archives. Records of the Chief of Engineers. RG 77. 
        Maps of Fort Meade.

    Suitland Federal Records Center. Records of the Chief of Engineers. RG 77. 
        Completion Reports

                             Survey No. AA-34F
                                 Page 9.3

Suitland Federal Records Center. Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General. 
   RG 92. Completion Reports.

Suitland Federal Records Center. Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General. 
   RG 92: OQMG Geographic Correspondence File

Suitland Federal Records Center. Records of U.S. Army Commands. RG 394. 
   General Correspondence Third Corps Area.

                                  Survey No. AA-34F
                                      Page 10.1

10. GEOGRAPHICAL DATA
    Fort Meade's southwestern boundary is defined by Maryland Route 32. Fort Meade's 

northeastern boundary begins at the intersection of Route 32 and the Baltimore-Washington 

Parkway, Route 295. The northwestern boundary of Fort Meade parallels Route 295 towards the 

northeast until the intersection of that roadway with Maryland Route 175, Annapolis Road. From 
that intersection, the installation boundary parallels Annapolis Road in an arch to the southeast,

until Route 175 intersects with Maryland Route 32. The boundary parallels Route 32 

southwestward until the road arches westward. At that point the boundary turns south to 

encompass a circle of ammunition magazines constructed during World War II, and returns 
northward to Route 32. The post boundary continues to follow route 32 until the road turns 

northwest-ward. At that point the boundary diverges to the south, extending approximately 1600 

feet, and turns west to parallel the Tipton Army Airfield runway. At the end of the runway the 
boundary turns north to rejoin Route 32, encompassing. Tipton Army Airfield. The post boundary 

continues to parallel Route 32 to the northwest until that road intersects with the Baltimore- 
Washington Parkway. The territory bounded by this perimeter encompasses the current remainder 

of lands purchased in 1920 to establish the post. Original Camp Meade territory situated south 

of the current post boundaries was ceded to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service under the auspices 

of the Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1988.


 
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