Log Cabin Memorial - Veterans 314th Infantry Regiment A.E.F.




 
Click here to see the World War One Memorial Log reconstruction at Fort Meade
 
314th Infantry Log Cabin Memorial
Why Should We Reconstruct This Memorial?

It is of national historic value. We believe that it is the only Memorial of its kind in the U.S. It was actually constructed by the doughboys themselves, BEFORE they went to battle, then maintained by the veterans themselves after the war. In 1922, after being moved by the veterans to Valley Forge Park, it was dedicated and accepted by Franklin D'Olier, the first National Commander of the American Legion, "In the Name of the American People" (www.314th.org/1922-log-cabin-dedication.html).
 
It serves as a reminder to the nation that veterans are not forgotten. Soldiers and families today want to know that what they do matters and that they will not be forgotten. They will never forget their comrades in battle and there is a great appreciation from those soldiers of today in seeing that even 100 years later, WE have not forgotten those veterans of WWI who fought and in some cases died for us - - - not for fame, not for glory, but because they were called to serve and it was the right thing to do. Remembering those veterans of WWI serves as a reassurance to those in uniform today that they will also be remembered in 100 years for what they are doing.
 
It is important to the history of Fort Meade. It will be rededicated as Fort Meade's WWI Memorial - their only memorial to the more than 400,000 soldiers who passed through Camp Meade during WWI. Fort Meade is one of the 10 installations across the U.S. that were stood up for WWI (that are still in operation). The 314th Cabin would be the only WWI era building at Fort Meade. The cabin would serve both as a reminder of the past and a bridge to the future.

 
Fort George G. Meade WWI Memorial

When the United States entered World War One on 6 April 1917, there was an immediate need to house and train large numbers of newly drafted men for service in the Army. Camp Meade, Maryland was one of sixteen new cantonments opened to train newly conscripted men for military service. Over 9,000 acres were purchased by the
 
War Department and construction began in July 1917. The newly established 79th Division, composed of draftees from the surrounding region, was the first unit to arrive at Camp Meade in September 1917. Men of the 314th Infantry Regiment, an element of the 79th division, built a log cabin at Meade in 1917 near their regimental headquarters, to serve as an officer.s club and day room. They used felled trees on post and salvaged material such as spikes forged from old horseshoes and chandeliers fabricated from wagon wheels.
 
The soldiers of the 314th shipped out to France on July 6, 1918. They suffered heavy losses in their participation in the Meuse Argonne offensive . the deadliest battle of the war. Upon returning and being discharged in 1919, the surviving members of the 314th Infantry set out to create a memorial to the men of the regiment who fell in battle. In 1922, the newly formed organization, The Veterans of the 314th Infantry, purchased the Cabin from the War Surplus Department for $50. The cabin was deconstructed by the veterans, transported and rebuilt in Valley Forge to serve as a memorial for those who perished in France.
 
The veterans met annually at the cabin to remember their comrades who paid the ultimate price, donating their own materials to be displayed inside to illustrate to the public the experiences of the 79th Division.s Doughboys. Over the years, the successor organization to the veterans, the Descendants & Friends of the 314th Infantry (www.314th.org) lovingly cared for the cabin and continued the annual Memorial Services to honor the men of the 314th, with their 99th annual service in 2017.
 
In 2012, the cabin was carefully deconstructed, transported back home and gifted to Camp Meade. As a befitting honor for the commemoration of Camp Meade's contribution to war, a group of dedicated people are working to ensure that the Log Cabin Memorial is rededicated in 2017 to serve as the Fort George G. Meade World War I Memorial.
 
The first contribution for this memorial to the fallen of the Great War came from the veterans themselves - $50. To find out how you can help to reconstruct this historic memorial go to www.314th.org or contact:
 
Nancy D. Schaff, President, Descendants & Friends of the 314th Infantry, A.E.F.
Granddaughter, CPL John Blazosky, Company L
nancy.schaff@worldwar1centennial.org or 443-907-7588

 

Please join us for our 99th Annual Memorial Service at 2pm on Sunday May 28, 2017!

The Memorial service will be held at the Washington Memorial Chapel located on the same grounds as the cabin once stood.
 
Click here for Google Map/Directions

Our speaker will be Gene Fax, author of the new book:
"With Their Bare Hands: General Pershing, the 79th Division, and the Battle for Montfaucon"


 
Gene Fax author photo                

 
With Their Bare Hands is an in-depth, narrative account of one of the most devastating American battles of World War I. With brilliant accuracy and head-turning momentum, this historical account of the 79th Division.s engagement at Montfaucon.part of the American Meuse-Argonne offensive in France, which took place in the fall of 1918.investigates a key battle generally given little notice by authors and historians. Although this battle exemplifies many of the problems and achievements of the AEF in the war and is a fascinating story in its own right, it has never been given a book-length treatment. This exhilarating new title follows the division from its origins in the draft of 1917 to the end of the war, using its experiences as a window into the nature of the American effort as a whole.mobilization, doctrine, training, shipment overseas, life in the trenches, combat (including learning from failures), armistice, and repatriation. The book therefore contains a certain amount of social history as well as military, especially regarding the public.s attitude to war and the experiences of Jews, blacks, and other ethnic groups in the AEF (the 79th contained a large contingent of immigrants or their children).
 
This book illuminates the American war effort in ways that no previous accounts have. Most military histories are written either at the campaign level (i.e., commanders and their decisions); the unit level (usually a regiment or division); or the individual level (soldiers. diaries, letters, and memoirs). This book integrates all three into a single narrative to show how decisions made at the top affected, for good or ill, the individual soldiers on the battlefield. It is based heavily on primary sources, some of which have never been used before or are known only to a few specialists. Among these are the personal correspondence of the commanding general, the reports of the French advisers and tank commanders attached to the 79th, the histories of German regiments opposing the 79th in the battle, and diaries and letters of private soldiers never before cited. Unlike many works on World War I, the book indulges in neither lamentation nor triumphalism; while remaining sensitive to the human aspects of the war.not all of them tragic.it mostly combines linear narrative with the analysis needed to make its points. It illustrates the positive and negative aspects of the Americans. performance by comparing them to those of the British, French, and German armies.comparisons that have not commonly been made before.
 
In the book, Fax makes judgements that some will regard as controversial: the role of Colonel George C. Marshall, whether the Montfaucon battle.had it followed the plan.would have broken open the German line and shortened the war, whether Pershing was justified in ordering offensive operations to continue right up to the moment of the Armistice. In an Epilogue he shows how the lessons from the war affected many aspects of America.s role in World War II.. .
 
About Gene Fax
 
I am an engineering graduate of MIT. My early career included eight years of research and tactical studies in anti-submarine warfare as a contractor to the U.S. Navy. Over thirty years ago I co-founded The Cadmus Group, Inc., which specializes in program development, evaluation, and policy research in environmental protection, energy efficiency, sustainable development, and emergency preparedness, including homeland security. It now has more than 550 employees. Most recently I wrote portions of the U.S. National Infrastructure Protection Plan for Water and Wastewater for the Department of Homeland Security, and a review of over seventy water security technologies and procedures for the U.S. EPA. Semi-retired, I remain Chairman of the Board and a member of the company.s editorial group.
 
My grandfather fought in the 313th Infantry Regiment of the 79th Division. When my brother and I were young, he would regale us with old-soldier stories. Sometime in the 1980s I tried to get his war service record, only to find that most of the personnel files from World War I were destroyed in a fire in 1973. As a substitute I read a history of his regiment, which first made me aware of the assault on Montfaucon; I learned that Company G, my grandfather.s company, had been the first to gain the top of the hill. Digging further, I discovered that little had been written about that bloody and important engagement, save for one or two pages in general histories of the AEF and a few articles in old, obscure military journals. I complained to my wife that there was no book on my grandfather.s battle; to my surprise, she suggested that I write it. That led to a seventeen-year effort that included archival research in Washington, Baltimore, Paris, West Point, and Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
 
In 1999 I spent a week walking the battlefield. Although the farmers. fields in the Lorraine had long been restored to their smooth contours, the ground on which the woodlots stood looked like a sea that had been frozen in the midst of a storm.shell holes and trench lines, much eroded, still visible in the underbrush. The first climax of the tour was the moment I found and stood in the remains of the trench from which my grandfather.s battalion attacked up the hill. The second was when I walked among the 14,000 graves in the American World War I military cemetery at Romagne-sous-Montfaucon, feeling for the first time how fortunate my grandfather was--and I am--that he returned home.

 

Cabin Reconstruction at Fort Meade - Click for Memorial Memo January 2017

"The Descendants & Friends of the 314th Infantry", part of the 79th Division who trained at Camp Meade, are supporting Fort George G. Meade on the reconstruction of the 314th Infantry Log Cabin. This historic structure will become the Fort Meade WWI Memorial in 2017, dedicated to the soldiers of WWI. Please take a moment to view the video below above.
 
The reconstruction of the Log Cabin Memorial will be a community-wide effort of time, materials, and money:
 
Skilled labor - If you are in the Fort Meade area and are able to donate your time and skills to support the reconstruction, please let us know. We are in particular need of the following: plumber, welder, roofer, mason, and concrete finisher. If you know of a company who is able to donate skilled labor, the labor is a tax deductible charitable contribution.
 
Materials - If you would like to sponsor specific construction materials, please indicate what item(s) you would like to sponsor on your check or in your PayPal donation.
Please click on this link to see a list of needed construction materials. (Sponsorship of construction materials are a charitable contribution and are tax deductible.)
 
Money - If you would like to make a financial contribution, we are accepting donations to a dedicated account for the Fort Meade WWI Memorial. You can donate by mailing a check or via PayPal. Your check or PayPal donation is a tax deductible charitable contribution to: The Descendants & Friends of the 314th.
 
If donating by check, please make your check out to D&F of the 314th Infantry. Please indicate that the money is for the cabin reconstruction, and mail to:
       Descendants & Friends 314th
       John Shetler, Treasurer
       137 House Rock Road
       Pequea, PA 17565

 
If donating via PayPal, please click on the "Donate Now" button.


The Descendants and Friends of the 314th is a 501c3 nonprofit organization. The official registration and financial information of the Descendants and Friends of the 314th Infantry Regiment may be obtained from the Pennsylvania Department of State by calling toll-free, within Pennsylvania, 1-800-732-0999. Registration does not imply endorsement.
 
For more information, contact Nancy Schaff: nancy.schaff@gmail.com

 

Thank you -- our 98th Annual Memorial Day Service was a huge success!

Click to see coverage on TV by CBS3 and NBC10 and Page 1 article in the Philadelphia Inquirer!


Philadelphia Inquirer newspaper May 30 2016 Memorial Day - 314th Infantry - Washington Memorial Chapel - Valley Forge

 

WHAT WE'RE ABOUT

The Descendents and Friends of the 314th are a group of people dedicated to honoring and preserving
the story of their fathers, grandfathers, and family members in the First World War.
 
Originally organized as the Veterans of the 314th Infantry A.E.F. the veterans have since passed on.
 
The current membership helps to continue this remembrance, receives a newsletter, and once a year attends
a Memorial Day service at the Washington Memorial Chapel located on the same grounds as the cabin once stood.
 
We are always looking for new members and interested persons.
 
Anyone wanting more information please contact Joel Rentz at joelrentz@aol.com
Please title your email inquiries with "314th Infantry".

 

HISTORY OF THE LOG CABIN

Erected at Camp Meade, Maryland in 1917 by the men of the 314th as an Officers Club and assembly room, it was purchased from the U.S. government after the war, carefully torn down, and rebuilt on ground provided by the Washington Memorial Chapel by members of the regiment. Dedicated in 1922 by the Veterans of the 314th A.E.F. to honor the 362 men of the regiment who made the supreme sacrifice, the cabin houses artifacts of the 314th which allows us to glimpse at how life was for the men during the First World War. The centerpiece of the cabin is a bronze tablet listing all the members of the regiment. A star was placed beside each name upon their death as a sign of honor. Click here to see photos of the Log Cabin over the decades

 

History of the 314th Infantry Regiment A.E.F.

Organized as part of the 79th Division A.E.F. the men of the 314th were trained at Camp Meade, Maryland. Arriving at the camp in September, 1917 the unit completed training and sailed to France aboard the USS Leviathan in July, 1918. Upon arrival at Brest, France they continued training until September when they took part in the Meuse Argonne Offensive. Capturing the town of Malancourt on September, 26 1918, they assisted the 313th Infantry the following day in the capture of the town of Montfaucon. It should be noted that Montfaucon was a heavily defended area and observation post of the German army.

The 79th Division was relieved on September, 30th and transferred to the Troyon sector. Here they did a variety of tasks, including holding the front. Alternating duty with the 313th, 315th, and 316th Infantry in the trenches. In this period of so called rest, they were harassed with mustard gas, shelling and enemy raids but did not yield the line.

At the end of October the 79th Division was again relieved and moved in place to participate in the third phase of the Meuse Argonne Offensive. On November 1, 1918 the 314th drove forward and captured the towns of Crepion, Waville, and Moirey by November, 9th. The following day the unit captured Buisson Chaumont, Hill 328. On November 11th the 314th advanced against Cote de Romagne and stopped firing at 11am., time of the armistice. At wars end that day, the 314th had made the greatest drive of the offensive into German lines, east of the Meuse River.

The regiment continued training, passed a review by General Pershing, and shipped home on May 15, 1919 aboard the Princess Matokia. Arriving at Hoboken, New Jersey on May 26, they were discharged at Camp Dix, New Jersey end of May 1919.

This is a brief overview of the regiment and its actions. For more information about the 314th in World War One there is a current two volume booklet for sale. Please contact Steve Rentz at srentz@comcast.net Also see list of books and websites on this website.


 
www.314th.or - 314th Infantry - Tremendous Strain Under Which Our Men Are Laboring
 

Summary Chronology of the 314th Regiment

August 25, 1917General Joseph H. Kuhn assigned to Camp Meade to organize and command the new 79th Division.
Sept. 19, 1917First contingent of selected men arrived at Camp Meade.
April 6, 1918Division paraded in Baltimore before President Wilson.
July 8, 1918Sailed for France on the U.S.S. Leviathan.
July 15, 1918Arrived in Brest, France.
July 25 - Sept. 8, 1918Regimental training begun in the vicinity of Prauthoy, France.
Sept. 26, 1918Commenced Meuse Argonne Offensive: Captured Malancourt, France.
Sept. 27, 1918Montfaucon captured by the 313th Regiment, assisted by 314th Regiment on the right.
Sept. 28. 1918Nantillois captured by 315th Regiment.
Sept. 30, 1918Relieved by 3rd Division and moved to Troyon Sector.
Oct. 26-28, 1918Relieved from Troyon Sector by 33rd Division.
Nov. 1, 1918Participated in third phase of Meuse Argonne Offensive. Assigned to Belleu Bois and Bois de Chenes.
Nov. 6, 1918The Borne du Cornouillier (Hill 378) captured by the 316th Regiment.
Nov. 9, 1918Captured Crepion, Wavrille, Gibercy, and Moirey.
Nov. 10, 1918Captured Hill 328.
Nov. 11, 1918Moved against Cote de Romagne. Armistice ended operations.
April 12, 1919Division reviewed by General Pershing at Orquevaux.
May 15, 1919Sailed home on the U.S.S. Princess Matoika from St. Nazaire, France.
May 26, 1919Arrived at Hoboken, New Jersey.
May 27-31, 1919Discharged at Camp Dix, New Jersey.

 
If you are looking for more detailed 314th timeline and information, click here to view the Historical Documents.
 
 

79th Division History

Commanded by General Joseph H. Kuhn, the 79th Division was organized in August 1917. Composed of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and District of Columbia men, later rotations of draftees would include New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, and West Virginia.

The division trained at Camp Meade, Maryland which included help from British and French officers. Trench warfare was studied and taught but the American Army had taken the open attack approach for the upcoming offensives and the training reflected this. Several times during the course of training, men were moved from the division to other units. This, along with lack of proper equipment, and sufficient training hampered the division from deployment to France.

The 79th shipped out to France in July 1918 and continued training upon arrival in France. At the beginning of September 1918 the division entered the front line, relieving units of the French Army, and participated in the first phase of the Meuse-Argonne offensive. The average training of the men at this point in time was approximately 33 days, due to replacement troops. During the course of the next two months the 79th would earn two distinctions. One, for holding up the advance against formidable odds at Montfaucon, France and two, for making the deepest thrust into German lines on the last day of the war, November 11, 1918.

Communication problems, terrain, snipers, little artillery support, and overrun enemy positions in the rear were all problems for the division. French and Allied Aero support were all but nonexistent in several cases.

Division strength in August 1918 was at 26,150 men. In November the total is at 19,035. Although the division was only engaged from September 26, 1918 to November 11, 1918, it lost more men than any other American division during this period.


 
World War 1 - 314th Infantry - Lorraine Cross from John Shetler

THE LORRAINE CROSS - Symbol of Triumph

In the battle of Nancy during the 15th Century, Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, was defeated and the reign of the House of Anjou began. The Lorraine Cross was adopted by the new reign (Rene 11, 1473-1508) and served as a symbol of justice and freedom to the people of Lorraine and French Nation.

During all its war service, the 79th Division fought in the French province of Lorraine. Fighting against formidable odds, the division claimed victory. It is only fitting the division would choose the Lorraine Cross as its symbol and was adopted shortly after the war ended.

Originally called the Liberty Division, the 79th pledged to win back that portion called Lorraine for France. It is with honor that the 79th Division still wears the Cross of Lorraine today.

The Lorraine Cross was adopted by Major General Joseph Kuhn and his staff shortly after the armistice was signed.

Approved by General Headquarters, the insignia was to be worn on the upper left arm near the shoulder.

Many variations of the patch exist maybe due to the fact that most or all were sewn in France by different manufacturers.

Since the insignia was adopted after the end of the war it is quite possible that many of the men had little time to sew it on their uniform before boarding ship for home.

World War 1 - 314th Infantry - Lorraine Cross from John Shetler

 
The organizational structure as shown in this text box for the 79th Division is based on
War Department General Order 101 dated August 3, 1917 (click here and see pages 496-500), which begins with:
          By direction of the President and under authority con
          ferred upon him by section 3 of "An act for making further and
          more effectual provisions for the national defense, and for other
          purposes," approved June 3, 1916, and section 1 of "An act to
          authorize the President to increase temporarily the Military
          Establishment of the United States," approved May 18, 1917,
          the higher organization of the Regular Army of the United
          States, subject to such modifications as may be announced from
          time to time, shall be as follows:

UNITS COMPRISING THE SEVENTY-NINTH DIVISION A.E.F.
(Read 550-page "History of the Seventy-Ninth Division A.E.F. during the World War: 1917-1919" online now)
 
Division Headquarters
 
310th Machine Gun Battalion
 
157th Infantry Brigade (Brigade HQ)
158th Infantry Brigade (Brigade HQ)
154th Field Artillery Brigade (Brigade HQ)
304th Engineers (read 304th Engineers book online now)
 
304th Field Signal Battalion
 
Trains
  • 304th Headquarters and Military Police
  • 304th Ammunition Train (read 304th Ammunition Train book online now)
  • 304th Supply Train
  • 304th Engineer Train
  • 304th Sanitary Train
    • 313th Field Hospital
    • 314th Field Hospital
    • 315th Field Hospital
    • 316th Field Hospital
    • Ambulances
  • 304th Mobile Ordnance Repair Shop

 

Force Structure of the US Army during World War One

⇒ For more information see Brief Histories of Divisions, U.S. Army 1917-1918 (93 pages)
(Prepared in the Historical Branch, War Plans Division, General Staff, June 1921)
 
Click here to read about the "US Army V Corps" force structure in 1918
Document downloaded from http://www.cgsc.edu/CARL/nafziger/918UIAL.pdf
which is the US Army Combined Arms Research Library [CARL],
part of the US Army Command and General Staff College [CGSC]

 
Click here to read the most recent Bugle Call Newsletter, for the latest news about the cabin and collection.

 
You can download our new brochure (tri-fold pamphlet) by clicking on this link

 
314th Infantry Memorial Cabin at Valley Forge Washington Memorial Chapel
 
Deconstruction October 2012 for return to Fort Meade, Maryland

 
Veterans 314th Infantry Regiment A.E.F. - Pat the Mascot dog Pat the Dog was mascot and friend to the soldiers of the 314th Infantry.
This article correctly states that from the American Civil War to modern day Afghanistan,
there has been an enduring bond between soldiers and their dogs over the centuries.
And that bond has been strong whether the soldier was an infantryman or a General.
The article has many photos which show that very strong bond.

The World War I Centennial Network
at http://www.ww1-centennial.org is a collaborative association of organizations, museums and historic sites in the United States related to the First World War. The goal of the Network is to further public awareness of the history and memory of The Great War (1914-1918) as we approach and experience its centenary years. To this end, the World War I Centennial Network fosters collaboration and cross-promotion of the special events, commemorations and exhibits created by its members.

 
Extra Edition of The Bugle Call,
 
A Newsletter for and by the Descendants and Friends of 314th Infantry 79th Division, WWI

 
The Cabin has Moved Home to Fort Meade!!

 
Announcement!
 
314th collection is now at Ft. Meade Museum and portions on display!
 
(click to view some initial photos)

 
The Contributions of the 79th Division And the 314th Infantry Regiment
To the American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.) in World War I

"Website project will honor WWI veterans"
Newspaper article in the East Bay (RI) Newspaper
BY JASON TURCOTTE jturcotte@eastbaynewspapers.com
http://www.eastbayri.com/story/289782914081045.php
This article was initiated by Charlie Mogayzel a 314th Member


We would like to thank the members of the 314th memorial committee:
  • Ray Jude Paski- friend and officer of the BOD
  • Joel Rentz- grandson of Irwin Rentz, Company A 314th Inf.
Past Memorial Committee members deceased:
  • Judge Joseph T. Labrum - son of Joseph Labrum , Company G 314th Inf.
  • Thomas Timoney
  • William Warner

"The troops were tired when they they went into the fight.
They had been held in the woods with wet clothes and
wet feet for a week or more, made a long march before
going in, without any sleep, and went over the top after
having been under our bombardment for several hours.
For green troops it was quite an ordeal."

 
                                Colonel William H. Oury
                                Commanding the 314th Infantry

 
From John Eisenhower's book YANKS chapter 17 starts with the quotation above.

 

Related books and websites


 
www.314th.org Website Statistics:
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image/jpeg 7,454 Images 7,422,657,970
application/pdf 727 PDF 3,614,609,585
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text/plain 527 Text 1,218,400,276
external links 367 n/a
Total 9,527 Files 15,759,632,272

More than 15 GigaBytes of information about 314th Infantry Regiment and 79th Division, A.E.F. and World War One !
 

Veterans of the 314 Infantry American Expeditionary Forces
Stained Glass Window in the Fort Meade Historic Main Post Chapel
Photos by Marc Romanych - Secretary, Western Front Association - East Coast Chapter

Veterans of the 314 Infantry American Expeditionary Forces Stained Glass Window in the Fort Meade Historic Main Post Chapel (Detail) Photo by Marc Romanych - Secretary, Western Front Association - East Coast Chapter
 
Veterans of the 314 Infantry American Expeditionary Forces Stained Glass Window in the Fort Meade Historic Main Post Chapel (Detail) Photo by Marc Romanych - Secretary, Western Front Association - East Coast Chapter

 
At 04:13:19 September 22 2017 displayed this www.314th.org web page at 173.12.39.201 last modified: June 11 2017